(1881-1974) was a poster collector who survived The Holocaust. Before the seizure of his collection of 12,500 posters during Kristallnacht on 9 November 1938, he had the largest collection of posters in Germany. The seizure of his collection was ordered by Joseph Goebbels, who intended to use them in a museum for himself. After being sent to the Sachsenhausen concentration camp, he was able to escape with his family to Britain. After finding out about the existence of his collection after the war, he wrote in vain to the government of East Germany until his death in 1974.