Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (19 May 1881 (Conventional) – 10 November 1938) was an Ottoman and Turkish army officer, revolutionary statesman, writer, and the first President of Turkey. He is credited with being the founder of the Republic of Turkey. His surname, Atatürk (meaning "Father of the Turks"), was granted to him (and forbidden to any other person) in 1934 by the Turkish parliament.
10.05.2012 [Reuters] - Writing in the secularist Cumhuriyet newspaper at the end of April, Coskun retold the ancient Greek story with a twist by naming the tame dog "Pasha", the honorary Ottoman title given to generals and to secular state founder Mustafa Kemal Ataturk.
09.05.2012 [World Politics Review] - From the outset of Kemal Ataturk's state-building project, citizenship in Turkey meant being Turkish -- that is, committed to the Turkish language, culture and identity. Early Turkish state-building also focused on modernizing and secularizing the
03.05.2012 [Balkans.com Business News] - In 1923 Turkey cut all ties to the Ottoman Empire as Kemal Ataturk founded the Republic of Turkey. In 1952 Turkey joined NATO. "This was the turnaround point for Turkey. They were seen as a bastion for the free world in an area of vastly expanding
01.05.2012 [Fox News] - Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, Turkey's founder, rejected the legacy of the Ottomans and their Islamic precepts, deeming them backward and imposing a secular, Western-oriented outlook that remains the subject of national debate today.
Men, I am not ordering you to attack. I am ordering you to die. In the time that it takes us to die, other forces and commanders can come and take our place. - Orders to the 57th Infantry Regiment, at the Battle of Gallipoli (25 April 1915); as quoted in Studies in Battle Command by Combat Studies Institute, US Army Command and General Staff College, p. 89; also quoted in Turkey (2007) by Verity Campbell, p. 188 - Variant translation: I am not ordering you to fight, I am ordering you to die.
08.05.2012 [Fair Observer] - After a brutal war for independence from Western WWI victors, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk led a group of military officers who successfully instituted secular and western reforms, including the restriction of Islam in the public sphere.