Sergei Leonidovich Magnitsky (8 April 1972 – 16 November 2009) was a Russian attorney and auditor whose arrest and subsequent death in custody generated international media attention and triggered both official and unofficial inquiries into allegations of fraud, theft and human rights violations. Magnitsky had alleged there was a large-scale systematic theft from the Russian state sanctioned and carried out by Russian officials. He was arrested and eventually died in prison seven days before the expiration of the one year term during which he could be legally held without trial. In total, Magnitsky served 358 days in prison. His case has become an international cause célèbre and led to the adoption of the Magnitsky bill by the US government at the end of 2012. In early January 2013, the Financial Times editorialised that "the Magnitsky case is egregious, well documented and encapsulates the darker side of …nism" p. 8. and endorsed the idea of imposing similar sanctions against the implicated Russian officials by the EU countries.