Robert Alexander Little DSO & Bar, DSC & Bar (19 July – 27 May 1918) is officially regarded as the most successful Australian flying ace of World War I, with a total of forty-seven aerial victories. Born in Victoria, he travelled to England in and learnt to fly at his own expense before joining the Royal Naval Air Service (RNAS). Posted to the Western Front in June 1916, he flew Sopwith Pups, Triplanes and Camels with No. 8 Squadron RNAS, achieving thirty-eight victories within a year and earning the Distinguished Service Order and Bar, the Distinguished Service Cross and Bar, and the French Croix de Guerre. Rested in July 1917, he volunteered to return to the front in March and scored a further nine victories with No. 3 Squadron RNAS (later No Squadron RAF) before he was … in action on the night of 27 May, aged twenty-two.