Annelies "Anne" Marie Frank (?, ; 12 June 1929 early March 1945) was one of the most discussed Jewish victims of the Holocaust. Her diary has been the basis for several plays and films. Born in the city of Frankfurt am Main in Weimar Germany, she lived most of her life in or near Amsterdam, in the Netherlands. Born a German national, Frank lost her citizenship in 1941 when Nazi Germany passed the anti-Semitic Nuremberg Laws. She gained international fame posthumously after her diary was published. It documents her experiences hiding during the German occupation of the Netherlands in World War II.
Otto Heinrich "Pim" Frank (12 May 1889 – 19 August 1980) was a German-born businessman and the father of AnneFrank and Margot Frank. As the sole member of his family to survive the Jewish Holocaust, he had inherited Anne's manuscripts after her untimely death, arranged for the publication of her diary in 1947, and oversaw its translation to the stage and screen.