Making a new case for separating citizenship from nationality, this book comparatively examines a key selection of nation-states in terms of their definitions of nationality and citizenship, and the ways in which the association of some with the European Union has transformed these definitions. In a combination of case studies from Europe and the Middle East, this book’s comparative framework addresses the question of citizenship and ethnic conflict from the foundation of the nation-state, to the current challenges raised by globalization. This edited volume examines six different countries and looks at the way that ethnic or religious identity lies at the core of the national community, ultimately determining the state’s definition and treatment of its citizens. The selected contributors to this new volume investigate this common ambiguity in the construction of nations, and look at the contrasting ways in which the issues of citizenship and identity are handled by different nation-states. This book will be of great interest to students and scholars studying in the areas of citizenship and the nation-state, ethnic conflict, globalization and Middle Eastern and European Politics.
For this edition, the Handbook editors have attempted to cover national elections for all of 2011. This information is incorporated within the regular text wherever possible or in headnotes at the beginning of the country entries for elections that occurred in the latter part of the year. Each entry begins with information on a country's political status, area, population, major urban centers, languages, currency, and head of state and chief executive. Demographic and economic information is presented in the section titled
Greek truck drivers rallied outside the Transport Ministry on Thursday to protest against a government decision to force them back to work. The truck driver unionists were meeting with the general secretary of the Ministry, Charis Tsiokas, ahead of a talk with Transport Minister, DimitrisReppas. Wednesday night, the Greek government ordered the mobilization of striking truck drivers, as fuel shortages were starting to affect the country. Government spokesman, George Petalotis, says the strike is causing serious disruption of public and economic life, and is endangering public health with a lack of sufficient fuel, food and medicine. Thousands of truckers have been lining highways since Monday. The truckers are protesting against plans to open up their sector. It’s a key reform required in a multi-billion euro EU/IMF package aimed at pulling Greece out of a debt crisis. The truck drivers now have 24 hours to return to work. If they don't, they face arrest and risk losing their licenses, but unionists say they will ignore the order. The EU/IMF plan requires Greece to open up road freight and boost competition by September. Road freight is one of the most closed professions in Greece with no new licenses issued for decades. The truckers' strike has been affecting fuel supply, and worried holiday-makers are queuing to fill up their tanks. [Dimitris Makrivelios, Greece Gas Station Owners Union Member]: