Stephen Fuller Austin (November 3, 1793 – December 27, 1836) was an American empresario born in Virginia and raised in southeastern Missouri. He was known as the Father of Texas, led the second, but first legal and ultimately successful colonization of the region by bringing 300 families from the United States. The capital of Texas, Austin in Travis County, Austin County, Austin Bayou, Stephen F. Austin State University in Nacogdoches, Austin College in Sherman, and a number of K-12 schools are named in his honor.
Jane Herbert Wilkinson Long (1798–1880) was born July 23, 1798 in Charles County, Maryland, the niece of General James Wilkinson. Around 1811, her family moved from Maryland to Natchez, in the Mississippi Territory. There she married James Long, a doctor and a native of Virginia. In 1819, James Long used his own money to raise an unauthorized private army to secure Texas from Spain for the United States. Jane Long later followed him to Texas. On December 21, 1821, at Bolivar Peninsula near present-day Galveston, she gave birth to her third child, Mary James Long. It is often claimed that this was the first child born to an English-speaking woman in Texas (a myth put forth by Long herself), and while census records from 1807 to 1826 list several children born to Anglo-American mothers in Texas before 1821 the story continues. Because of this Long styled herself to be the "Mother of Texas,” a title that was later given by Sam Houston to Margaret Theresa Wright, for the majority of histories however Long retains the title due to Mirabeau B. Lamar, to whom Long gave her own story for the building of a history of Texas.